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cemetery: Powązki, Warszawa
photography: Jacek Michiej

Cmentarz wojenny nr 142 Ostrusza

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War Cemetery No. 142 in Ostruszy - a cemetery from World War I, located in the village of Ostrusza in the Ciężkowice commune, the Tarnów poviat, the Małopolska province. One of over 400 Western-Galician war cemeteries built by the Cemetery Graves Division of the C. and K. Military Commanders in Krakow. In the 4th district of Łużna, there are 27 cemeteries . [source: Wikipedia, 3475121]
type of the cemeterywar
state of the cemeteryclosed
[source: Wikipedia, 3475121]
the area where services are available
area where services are not available
The cemetery is located at the top of a small but steep hill rising on the northern side of the road from Ciężkowice through Ostruszy to Turzy. The height of the hill is 346 m. The cemetery is located only about 300 m from the war cemetery No. 143 - Ostrusza, located on the same road, but it is difficult to find because the hill is completely overgrown with forest, and the road leading to it reaches only to foot of the hill, and access to the cemetery in the area is not marked in any way . The only approximate point is the chapel standing next to the cemetery no. 142. A gravel road is going up between the houses next to it. It is through the field path that you can approach the base of the hill, then through the forest . [source: Wikipedia, 3475121]
Description of the cemetery
It is a small cemetery on a rectangular plan, founded on the top of the hill, and on its slope descending to the south side. The central monument is a stone quadrangular obelisk made of stone. On one of its walls, a ring made of stone was made, inside which there is a forged Maltese cross and date 1914-1915. The cemetery had a fence in the form of a wooden fence. Inside the fence from the gate to the central monument, he led the alley, on both sides of which twelve rows of graves were placed. They had steel crosses mounted on a concrete plinth, made of flat bars; one-armed Latin crosses and two-armed Lorraine crosses. This was the appearance of the cemetery according to the preserved documentation . In May 2015, it is largely destroyed . Rudolf Broch and Hans Hauptmann, who in 1918 wrote a monumental monograph about Western-Polish Cemeteries of World War I, describe this cemetery: On its quiet hill, which leads through an invisible path, the cemetery seems to be extremely close to the sky and covering it with all its luminous glow or the tearful gray of the clouds. It breathes deeper and more freely knowing that no earthly voice would reach and disturb the peace of sleeping soldiers . From the description it appears that the hill was at that time forestless. [source: Wikipedia, 3475121]
the fallen
In two mass graves and 11 individual ones, 125 soldiers were buried here, including : * 76 soldiers of the Austro-Hungarian and German armies, * 49 soldiers of the Russian army. Among the dead were one cadet and one non-commissioned officer. These soldiers died on January 1, 1915, on February 24-26, 1915 and on May 2, 1915. . German Army soldiers fought in the 2nd Austro-Hungarian Infantry Regiment in the 11th and 22nd Honorable Infantry Regiment, Russian in the 123rd and 124th Infantry Regiment . [source: Wikipedia, 3475121]
The fate of the cemetery
The cemetery was made at the site of the first burial, which was made by soldiers hiding their fallen colleagues and enemies near the trenches. A decision was made to not transfer the corpses due to difficult terrain conditions and lack of a road . After winning the battle of Gorlice and driving the Russians further east, the Austro-Hungarian monarchy proceeded to the construction of cemeteries . The local population reports that the cemetery No. 142 was built by only one Italian prisoner. He was a man of extraordinary strength who himself worked on stones and carried them on the shoulders to the top of the hill. At the same time, he was a very cheerful and friendly person. He visited the local population asking for food, he also helped her in the work. A dozen or so years after the war, he visited the cemetery he had built . After World War II, the importance of the cemetery in the awareness of society and the authorities at that time decreased, it was not cared for and was naturally destroyed by weather and vegetation factors . In May 2015, his condition is disastrous: there is no trace of the fence, all the crosses were broken off and taken away (only 3 were broken off). A central monument survived without any damage and in good condition. [source: Wikipedia, 3475121]
Wikipedia, Self-published work, World War I Cemetery nr 142 in Ostrusza
Wikipedia, Self-published work, World War I Cemetery nr 142 in Ostrusza
Wikipedia, Self-published work, World War I Cemetery nr 142 in Ostrusza
Wikipedia, Self-published work, World War I Cemetery nr 142 in Ostrusza
Wikipedia, Self-published work, World War I Cemetery nr 142 in Ostrusza
Wikipedia, Self-published work, World War I Cemetery nr 142 in Ostrusza
Wikipedia, Self-published work, World War I Cemetery nr 142 in Ostrusza
Wikipedia, Self-published work, World War I Cemetery nr 142 in Ostrusza
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