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cemetery: Powązki, Warszawa
photography: Jacek Michiej

Cmentarz wojenny nr 148 Chojnik

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War Cemetery No. 148 - Chojnik - a cemetery from World War I located in the village of Chojnik in the Lesser Poland Voivodeship, in the TarnĂłw poviat, in the Gromnik commune. It is one of 400 Western-Galician war cemeteries built by the Cemetery Graves Division of the C. and K. Military Commanders in Krakow. In the 6 th TarnĂłw district, these cemeteries are 63 . [source: Wikipedia, 2776845]
type of the cemeterywar
state of the cemeteryclosed
[source: Wikipedia, 2776845]
the area where services are available
area where services are not available
The cemetery is located on the slope on the northern side of the Gromnik - TuchĂłw road, a few hundred meters from this road. A narrow asphalt road leads up from the main road. The cemetery is located in a grove on its left on the slope with an average slope and the road is invisible, no access road leads to it, no information signs. [source: Wikipedia, 2776845]
Description of the cemetery
It was designed by Heinrich Scholz. It has a rectangular shape with two bevelled corners. There are 5 mass graves and 29 individual graves on it. Its fence is made of concrete foundation and concrete pillars, between which two rows of metal pipes were originally stretched. The entrance is one, from the bottom of the slope through a three-way gate with square metal rods. The main decorative element is a Latin cross placed on a pedestal, located on the rectangle opposite to the gate. A path leads to the cross from the gate to the cross. On both sides there are rows of tombstones in the form of concrete stelaes with tin plates. Are crowned with cast-iron crosses. There are several types of these crosses J. Drogomir, Poles in Western Galicia 1914-1915 (1918): lists of fallen and dead buried in 400 military cemeteries in Western Galicia, T. 2, Tarnów 2002, pp. 89-90. : * small cast-iron Lorraine crosses with a laurel wreath motif and date 1914 * small cast-iron Maltese crosses with a laurel wreath motif and date 1915 * larger cast-iron Latin crosses with round and toothed gloria on the shoulder joint * larger, cast-iron Lorraine crosses, * larger, cast-iron crosses Latin The main central cross at the cemetery No. 148 is identical to the cross at the war cemetery in Golance, located on the hill on the other side of the Biała River. This is probably a deliberate intention of the designer. During World War I, the area here was woodless, one could be seen from one cemetery. [source: Wikipedia, 2776845]
the fallen
40 soldiers of the Austro-Hungarian army and 20 soldiers of the Russian army were buried here. 22 were identified. Most of the Austro-Hungarian soldiers served in the 6th and 36th infantry regiments in Landtourism. They fell on May 2, 1915, so during the first day of the Battle of Gorlice, during which the allied Austro-Hungarian and German armies conquered the trenches of the Russian army and drove it far to the east. [source: Wikipedia, 2776845]
The fate of the cemetery
Austrians made the cemeteries very solidly, but over time the cemetery was naturally destroyed by weather and vegetation factors . Until 2016, the cemetery no. 148 was not subject to general renovation, only the brushwood was removed and the sodding periodically removed. The cemetery kept the same layout as it was 100 years ago, after it was built. All original tombstones, the entrance gate and concrete fence posts have been preserved. Some of the crosses are broken off from the concrete tombstones, but they are next to them. Only the metal pipes of the fence disappeared. The inscriptions on the tin plates are already illegible, and the concrete elements have bent on various sides. [source: Wikipedia, 2776845]
The service operator is
Erkwadrat sp. z o.o.
ul. Letnia 16
05-510 Chyliczki
+48 (22) 350 75 61
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