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cemetery: Powązki, Warszawa
photography: Jacek Michiej

Cmentarz wojenny nr 338 Nieprześnia

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War Cemetery No. 338 - Nieprześnia - cemetery from World War I, located in the village of Nieprześnia in the Lesser Poland Voivodeship, in the Bochnia poviat, in the Bochnia commune. It is one of 400 Western-Galician war cemeteries built by the Cemetery Graves Division of the C. and K. Military Commanders in Krakow. Of this number, there are 46 cemeteries in the Bochnia district. [source: Wikipedia, 2168688]
type of the cemeterywar
state of the cemeteryclosed
[source: Wikipedia, 2168688]
the area where services are available
area where services are not available
It is located among farmlands, away from built-up areas. A road leads to it in the south direction from the road running through Nieprześnia. A place next to the road from which this road leaves is indicated by a sign. The cemetery is located just below the top of the hill, 278 m, called by the local Tundra. Below the hill there are fish ponds. [source: Wikipedia, 2168688]
The soldiers of the Russian and Austro-Hungarian armies (from the 34th Infantry Regiment) were buried here together, who died in the surrounding fields at the beginning of December 1914 during the Limanowa-Pawanska operation. On December 7, the Russians occupied the hills west of Stradomka in Sobolów, Gierczyce and Nieprześnia . Attacking from the side of Łapanowo and the Stradomka valley, the Austrian army in extremely fierce battles won them for several days. In Nieprześnia, the Austrian unit was ambushed and surrounded by the overwhelming Russian forces . The skirmish in Nieprześnia is described by Anna Gurbiel, who was an eyewitness to these events: "Russian troops perceived the Austrian unit and, communicating in a flash, struck at the Austrian army, a huge bayonet battle began. ..) There was no mercy from any of the fighting soldiers, no one left alive, the Russians completely killed everyone, leaving a corpse on the dead body . Their victory, however, was only temporary. Already on the same night, extremely exhausted after the battle, they had to flee from the upcoming new Austrian unit . After a few days and extremely fierce battles, the Austrians gained Russian positions on the hills in the towns of Buczyna, Grabina, Stradomka, Sobolów, Chrostowa, Kamyk, Wola Nieszkowska, Nieprześnia, displacing them from these towns . On December 13, the Russians began a retreat further east. At the cemetery in Nieprześnia, they were buried : * 123 soldiers of the Austro-Hungarian army * 52 soldiers of the Russian army Only 2 Austrians are known. [source: Wikipedia, 2168688]
Description of the cemetery
It is a small cemetery in the shape of an irregular polygon, entirely surrounded by a stone wall and plastered with a stone wall. The indoor wall is a concrete window sill. Entrance through a wooden gate. The main decorative element is a stone obelisk in the form of a shrine placed in the eastern part of the wall topped with a concrete cross. An openwork, cast-iron Latin cross was installed in the obelisk's recess. The tombs are placed in a row system. Four types of crosses were mounted on the tombstones on the concrete pedestals: * large, cast-iron and openwork (Latin and Lorraine) * smaller, made of flat iron rods (also Latin and lotary). [source: Wikipedia, 2168688]
The fate of the cemetery
The next day, after the battle, the local people gave away the corpses of soldiers with shoes and clothing. Only a few days later, the local peasants buried the burials, collecting the corpses of the soldiers on a cart, which they dragged to the top of Turkawka (horses were taken by the army before). For a few days, the tragic, smelly caravan of the living and the dead moved around our field, recalls Anna Gurbiel . In 1917, the Austrians built a cemetery on the burial site. The work was mainly carried out by prisoners. It was carried out very solidly, the Austrians planned that after the war, war cemeteries would become a place of patriotic pilgrimages . During the interwar period, the cemetery was appreciated and was cultivated by the local community. After World War II, the importance of the cemetery in the awareness of society and the authorities at that time decreased. However, this cemetery, unlike the others from World War I, was looked after. For several dozen years, Irena Saława took care of him, planting ornamental plants on it and nurturing them. The cemetery, however, was naturally destroyed, the wall began to crumble. In 1988, three local families organized and renovated a crumbling wall (gravel and cement gave the Commune Office in Bochnia) . [source: Wikipedia, 2168688]
The service operator is
Erkwadrat sp. z o.o.
ul. Letnia 16
05-510 Chyliczki
+48 (22) 350 75 61
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