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cemetery: Pow±zki, Warszawa
photography: Jacek Michiej
Warszawa

Cmentarz Bródnowski w Warszawie

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Bródnowski cemetery, also Bródzieński cemetery - a historic cemetery located in Warsaw at ul. St. Wincentego 83. The necropolis is located between Targówek and Nowy Bródno. It covers an area of approximately 113.3 hectares, and the circumference of the walls is about 5 km. In terms of number of buried (around 1.2 million), it is one of the largest cemeteries in Europe. There are two churches in the cemetery - the church of St. Wincentego á Paulo (wooden) and the church of Our Lady of Czestochowa (brick). He was the fourth, after the Kamionkowski Cemetery, a Jewish cemetery and a cholera cemetery, a cemetery of the right-bank Warsaw. [source: Wikipedia, 293653]
type of the cemeteryreligious
state of the cemeteryactive
[source: Wikipedia, 293653]
Poland
the area where services are available
area where services are not available
History
After exhausting the burial grounds at the Kamionkowski Cemetery in 1883, they purchased from the St. The ghost of 65 hectares of land in Bródno . After completing the necessary leveling and ordering work, President Sokrates Starynkiewicz informed the Warsaw Metropolitan Curia in November 1884 that the burial of the deceased can be started in the new cemetery . On November 20, 1884, the Archbishop of Warsaw, Wincenty Teofil Popiel, dedicated the new necropolis . The first funeral took place the very next day - the one-year-old girl, Maria Skibniewska. The first priest of the so-called The cemetery chaplain was brought from Minsk Mazowiecki to Fr. Franciszek Kołaczewski. The place of the consecration of the necropolis was commemorated with a cast iron monument with a four-meter cross with a plaque informing about the course of the ceremony. After 1918, the corroded monument was demolished, and on the resulting square in 1939 Aleksander Kakowski was buried . Residents of left-bank Warsaw were made available on January 13, 1885. There were mainly poor people buried there at the expense of the city, who died in Warsaw hospitals. The cemetery was completely open to all on June 14, 1887. Fees charged for burials were quite low and competitive with other cemeteries, hence the cemetery Bródnowski gained the reputation of a cemetery for the poor, while Stare Powązki was considered a cemetery for wealthy people. In 1888, near the main gate, a wooden church of St. Wincentego á Paulo using scaffolding wood renovated in 1885-1887 Columns of Sigismund III Vasa. In 1892, in connection with the cholera epidemic, a special accommodation for the deceased was designated for this disease . Most of the victims of the fighting of the 1905-1906 revolution were buried in the cemetery . Until 1915, the dead at the Bródnowski cemetery were buried in graves in the so-called lines for 15 years without the right to build permanent monuments . In 1916 and 1921 the cemetery was extended, respectively, for the land of Bródno property belonging to the Hospital of St. Ducha in the area of Odrowąża and Rzeszowska Streets (30 ha) and the areas of the former Russian gunpowder at ul. Rzeszów transferred by the Polish Army (16 ha). The area of the cemetery thus increased to 113.3 ha. In 1927, the construction of a single brick wall was completed around a cemetery with a length of 4,958 meters. Its height, depending on the ground level, is from 3 to 5 meters, and the thickness - 41 cm . Currently, there are eight gates in it. In 1925, at Aleja Główna, at the height of the 25A quarters, a statue of the Mother of God (called the Bródno Mother of God, expressed in a form often used in chapels standing in the courtyards of Warsaw tenement houses (a slender figure in a blue-and-white coat with arms spread in greeting). Determine when the custom of lighting candles before her took place, but the oral message of the old inhabitants says that these are the candles that commemorate relatives whose burial places have not been established. from 15 to 20 years from the day of the funeral, the period of using the square for the grave for people who could not take it out . In October 1933, a street was taken to the necropolis. Wincentego, tram line. In 1934, on the occasion of the 50th anniversary of the necropolis, at the main gate of the cemetery a brick belfry with a temporary room for the coffin was erected. There is a commemorative plaque on the facade . In 1938, the Metropolitan Archbishop of Warsaw Aleksander Kakowski died, according to his will, he fell among the inhabitants of Warsaw. The mausoleum was built in a place where from 1889 there was a mound with a cross placed on the top. Over the years, the status of the cemetery has changed, there were representatives of various social groups, politicians, actors, soldiers, insurgents and ordinary residents of Warsaw. More and more often, rich tombs and sarcophagi began to appear. In September 1939 and autumn 1944 the area of the necropolis was bombed by the Germans, the central part of the cemetery was destroyed. During the occupation, the vast area of the cemetery was used by the Polish resistance movement as a training ground, and in some tombs, weapons and ammunition were stored. In 1946, in cemetery 43, a cemetery of soldiers of the Red Army who died during the fights for Praga was arranged. The hero of the Soviet Union, the airman Siergiej Iwanowicz Kisielew, is also there. In 1952, with the decree of Cardinal Stefan Wyszynski, a new parish was created. Wincentego a Paulo, October 13, 1957, the foundations were laid. The church of Our Lady of Czestochowa, which is a replica of the chapel - the mausoleum of the Count, stood on them. Przeździeckich standing from the middle of the 19th century on the Świętokrzyski cemetery. The author of the temple was Stanisław Marzyński. Patron of the consecrated church in 1960 is Our Lady of Czestochowa. In 1967, the restaurant "Krańcowa" ended, opposite the main gate of the necropolis. The restaurant, usually called the Bar under the Trupek, was a popular place to arrange funeral funerals, so-called syrków. The post-war years are the time when many sandstone tombstones have been replaced with commonly used terrazzo. In the 1960s wells were replaced by a central water supply network and many avenues were hardened. In later years, lighting was installed in the main alleys. During the liquidation of one of the wells and makeshift toilets in the 45N quarters, a collective grave of political prisoners executed in the years 1944-1956 was discovered in the prison in Warsaw III - Prague (the so-called Toledo). They were soldiers of the Home Army, WiN and NSZ. In 1997, a monument was created here by Dariusz Kowalski. In 1994 at the church of Saint. Wincenty buried the remains of 13 bishops from Faras from the archaeological mission led by Kazimierz Michałowski in Nubia, brought to Warsaw to conduct anthropological research. The cemetery is divided into 965 units . The number of people buried is estimated at 1.2 million people. [source: Wikipedia, 293653]
Exhumations of the Institute of National Remembrance
In 2015-2017, the Institute of National Remembrance, the Council for the Protection of Memory of Struggle and Martyrdom and the Ministry of Justice in cooperation with the Municipal Office of the Capital City of Of Warsaw were carrying out a scientific and research project. Searching for unknown places of burial of victims of communist terror from 1944-1956. Exhumations conducted under the direction of Krzysztof Szwagrzyk began in July 2015. Skeletons of 6 people were found then. During the next exhumation in April 2017, 8 more skeletons were found. Until April 2017, the skeleton of Lieutenant Zygmunt Kęski was identified [source: Wikipedia, 293653]
Care Committee of the BrĂłdno Cemetery
He was active from 1981. In 15 years, thanks to the issues organized by the Bródno Branch of Towarzystwo Przyjaciół Warszawy under the leadership of Ryszard Szołwiński, he managed to raise funds for the renovation of approximately 150 monuments. The Committee ceased to exist, as most artists preferred to settle for the Powązki Cemetery. [source: Wikipedia, 293653]
Famous burials
Leonard Andrzejewski
1924-1997
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Emil Barchański
1965-1982
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Franciszek Brodniewicz
1892-1944
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Janusz Bukowski
1941-2005
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Przemysław Cie¶lak
1955-2012
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Wincenty Czerwiński
1895-1986
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Stefan Dękierowski
1893-1975
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Katarzyna Agata Doraczyńska
1978-2010
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Mieczysław Fogiel
1901-1990
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Mieczysław Forlański
1909-1983
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Edward Gierwiałło
1951-2011
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Marian Glinka
1943-2008
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Andrzej Gmitruk
1951-2018
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Krzysztof Holejko
1934-2012
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Zofia Jamry
1918-2006
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Wojciech Jankowerny
1936-2003
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Wacław Jankowski
1904-1968
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Cezary Julski
1927-1997
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Oktawiusz Jurewicz
1926-2016
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Aleksander Kakowski
1862-1938
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Roman Kamienik
1920-1991
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Henryk Kański
1899-1969
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Ludwik Kasendra
1920-1991
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Kazimierz K±kol
1920-2016
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Antoni Kolczyński
1917-1964
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Beata Kolis
1958-2016
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Halina Konopacka
1900-1989
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Helena Kowalczykowa
1907-1999
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Jerzy Modzelewski
1905-1986
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Adam Mohuczy
1891-1953
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Ignacy Ordon
1934-2017
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Szczepan Pieni±żek
1913-2008
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Tadeusz Puff
1911-1987
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Witalis Jan Raczkiewicz
1937-2007
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Maciej Sieński
1915-1999
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Stanisław Staszewski
1925-1973
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Andrzej Stockinger
1928-1993
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Stefan Witas
1908-2006
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Wojciech Stefan Wyrobek
1907-1971
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Władysław Zaczkiewicz
1896-1956
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Paweł Zarzeczny
1961-2017
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Edmund Zientara
1929-2010
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Anna Żarnowska
1931-2007
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Bronisław Żelkowski
1904-1942
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gallery
Wikipedia, Bródno Cemetery, Self-published work
Wikipedia, Bródno Cemetery, Self-published work
Wikipedia, Bródno Cemetery, Self-published work
Wikipedia, Bródno Cemetery, Self-published work
Wikipedia, Bródno Cemetery, Self-published work
Wikipedia, Bródno Cemetery, Self-published work
Wikipedia, Bródno Cemetery, Self-published work
Wikipedia, Bródno Cemetery, Self-published work
Wikipedia, Bródno Cemetery, Self-published work
Wikipedia, Bródno Cemetery, Self-published work
Wikipedia, Bródno Cemetery, Self-published work
Wikipedia, Bródno Cemetery, Self-published work
Wikipedia, Bródno Cemetery, Self-published work, Symbolic graves of Katyn Massacre victims in Warsaw
Wikipedia, Bródno Cemetery, Self-published work, Symbolic graves of Katyn Massacre victims in Warsaw
Wikipedia, Bródno Cemetery, Self-published work, Symbolic graves of Katyn Massacre victims in Warsaw
Wikipedia, Bródno Cemetery, Self-published work, Symbolic graves of Katyn Massacre victims in Warsaw
Wikipedia, Bródno Cemetery, Self-published work, Symbolic graves of Katyn Massacre victims in Warsaw
Wikipedia, Bródno Cemetery, Self-published work, Symbolic graves of Katyn Massacre victims in Warsaw
Wikipedia, Bródno Cemetery, Self-published work
Wikipedia, Bródno Cemetery, Self-published work
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