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cemetery: Pow±zki, Warszawa
photography: Jacek Michiej

Mahometański Cmentarz (Suwałki)

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The Mohammedan cemetery in Suwałki - mizar (name comes from Arabic, mazar) located at Zarzecze Street, is part of a complex of cemeteries of seven denominations. The complex is a perfect example of multiculturalism of the city. The cemeteries included in it are separated by low walls. There are Roman Catholic, evangelical, Orthodox, Old Believers, Jewish and Muslim graves. [source: Wikipedia, 3882409]
type of the cemeteryreligious
state of the cemeteryclosed
[source: Wikipedia, 3882409]
the area where services are available
area where services are not available
The history of the Suwałki Mohammedan cemetery dates back to the late nineteenth century. At that time, the Russian authorities decided to create a cemetery in Suwałki intended for the burial of the Muslim population. Located in the southeast corner of the cemeteries complex, it borders directly with the Jewish cemetery (Jewish cemetery). It occupies about 300 m area, its shape resembles a square, but it is less regular. Closed for many years. Even in the 1980s, traces of 21 earth graves in three rows were visible on it. To this day, no tombstones or inscriptions have been preserved, traces of earth graves have also been lost, and the personal details of those buried are also unknown. In the guide compiled by Zygmunt Filipowicz there was information that in the cemetery there was a column made of stones and bricks with a crescent and a star carved in a stone slab. Column condition indicated large destruction. It is known that the cemetery was supposed to serve the burial of the Mohammedans who were settled here by the Russians after the Russo-Turkish War (1878). I am talking about prisoners who were allowed by the Russian authorities to live and run bakeries and confectioneries (information for A. Kołodziejczyk, Muslim Cemeteries in Poland, Warsaw 1998). Andrzej Matusiewicz writes that among the garrisons stationed in the Suwałki region at the end of the 19th century, there were also soldiers-Mohammedans. It is also planned for them to build a mizar, because the nearest cemetery of this denomination functioned in Winksznup (now the Republic of Lithuania), there was the only wooden mosque in the Polish kingdom. Transporting bodies from Suwałki to the cemetery at the Vinszyn's Mosque was undoubtedly a troublesome and problematic matter. This is probably why, in the autumn of 1892, an initiative to create a mizar in Suwałki was created. The then president of the city assigned 50 square chambers (about 228 m) to the cemetery next to the existing Jewish cemetery. For unknown reasons, it was not created. The cemetery issue returned in 1904, when it was finally decided that the mizar will be erected next to the Jewish cemetery. However, the cemetery functioned briefly, until the First World War. In the study of Muslim Cemeteries in Poland, the author does not exclude the possibility that during the First World War the dead and fallen were buried here. According to the information provided by Janusz Mackiewicz, and quoted in the article by Andrzej Matusiewicz, Germans in 1941 were buried here by their soldiers killed during the German aggression on the USSR. We could not get to the materials discussing the later fate of the Suwałki Mizar. It is known that many Muslim cemeteries have been more or less deliberately devastated. () The scourge of breaking sandstone gravestones for scythes was common. The historic mizar in Lebiedziewie near Terespol on the Bug was devastated, and the mizar in Studzianka suffered severely. The first Muslim cemetery in Warsaw at ul. Młynarska and a number of others, for example: in Kałuszyn, Czerwonka and Suwałki. In the seventies of the twentieth century, while working on the Jewish cemetery, the Suwałki Mizar was also arranged. It was surrounded by a new wall, and a stone slab (with a star and a crescent) from the destroyed column was embedded in a new pedestal at the entrance to the cemetery. Currently, a staircase and a metal gate lead to the cemetery area, at which the mentioned plinth with a star and a crescent is placed. For some time at the entrance there was an aesthetically executed information board, which was unfortunately destroyed, and its remains removed (as of March 2017). [source: Wikipedia, 3882409]
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Erkwadrat sp. z o.o.
ul. Letnia 16
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