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cemetery: Pow±zki, Warszawa
photography: Jacek Michiej
Piotrków Trybunalski

Stary Cmentarz Rzymskokatolicki w Piotrkowie Trybunalskim

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Old Roman Catholic Cemetery in PiotrkĂłw Trybunalski - a historic cemetery in PiotrkĂłw Trybunalski founded in 1830 together with an Orthodox cemetery in the south-eastern part connected to it. [source: Wikipedia, 2097216]
confessionRomanism
type of the cemeteryreligious
state of the cemeteryactive
[source: Wikipedia, 2097216]
Poland
the area where services are available
area where services are not available
History
The cemetery was built in the first half of the 19th century on land purchased from Józef Dorywalski. Some sources indicate that the first burials in its area were held already in 1797, when during the so-called In the black procession, the corpses of Piarists, donors and students of the religious school were transferred there. Originally, the poor were buried in the cemetery, especially those who died during the cholera epidemic. Wealthy residents, as a rule, until 1850 were buried in church cemeteries within the city limits. In the years 1852-59, the cemetery area was enlarged to 125,900 square feet (ie about 1 ha) by buying more land from private owners. In 1860, the cemetery was surrounded by a brick wall (partly using bricks and stones from the demolition of city walls) and gates were built, one of which led to a Catholic cemetery and the other to an Orthodox one. The cemetery did not have alleys laid out at that time, burials were carried out in a disordered way, there were cases of cattle grazing on its territory and the excavation of corpses by dogs. It was not until 1870 that the cemetery was adjusted - the area was leveled, divided into quarters marked with numbers cut out on stone pillars and the alleys and paths marked out. These works were carried out under the guidance of geometry Rajski and engineer Russocki, and funds for them were obtained from amateur theater productions initiated by the wife of Tomasz Libicki - president of the cemetery cleaning committee. Thanks to the efforts of the latter, as well as Franciszek Span, an industrialist, the alleys were covered with debris and gravel, the dead and sick trees were removed, and a pump was installed in the middle of the cemetery. The area of burials was then divided into classes. Depending on them, fees were established: * for a single grave in class 1 - 10 rubles, * for a single grave in class 2 - 7 rubles, * for a single grave in class 3 - 4 rubles. In addition, free places for poor people have been designated. In 1871, a member of the cemetery supervision, Świerczyński, occupied the streets of the cemetery with 500 trees, including chestnut trees, birches, acacias, lindens and mulberry trees. In 1873, the first cemetery chapel of Karol Burghard (St. Adele) was built, and in 1897 - the chapel of August and Katarzyna Jüttner. Both chapels, Burghards and Jüttner families were entered on December 10, 2009 in the register of monuments under number A / 86. In 1875, Karol Burghard bought for the cemetery for 300 rubles an area of 2 mórg (ie about 1.1 ha). In mid-1877, there were a total of 309 gravestones in the cemetery, including 125 marked only with crosses (122 wooden and 3 iron), 111 covered with plates (110 stone and 1 marble) and 73 decorated with monuments (53 from stone, 3 marble and 17 iron). Until the first years of the twenty-first century, 70 of them survived, the oldest preserved tombstone - Florentyna Zahorska - comes from 1848. There are also preserved tombstones from the First World War, including: * in 18th quarter - grave with a boulder, in which Friedrich Helfer and Heinrich Wilkowitsch were buried in 1915 - aviators of the Austro-Hungarian Army, * in the 40th quarters - grave with a monument in the shape of a cannonball, covering the ashes of Lieutenant of the Austro-Hungarian army Rudolf Hefele, who died in 1915. The most valuable tombstones, sculptures and cemetery chapels were made in the workshops of Faustyna Juliusz Cengler (monument to three children of Jordan Władysław Kański - Ludwik, Stefania and Wanda, died of cholera on 17 August 1873), Andrzej Pruszyński, Henryk Żydok, Paweł Płecki, Jan Rudnicki, Wacław Konopki, Bolesław Syrewicz and J. Norblin. Since 1988, the cemetery has organized issues for saving the most valuable tombstones. During the issue in 2012, 19,000 people were gathered for this purpose. zł. By October 2015, 113 tombstones were restored for the total amount in 2000-15 over PLN 350,000. Currently, the necropolis is colloquially called the Powązki of Piotrków. [source: Wikipedia, 2097216]
Chapel of the Burghards family
The single-storey Burghard family chapel was erected in 1873 in neo-Gothic style, on a rectangular plan, deep in the main eastern avenue, closing it from the west. Its founder was Karol Stefan Burghard of Burghard coat of arms - born in 1815 in Końskie, husband of Adela z Szerszeńskich (died on July 8, 1872), entrepreneur (founder in 1836 cutlery factory in Fałkowo), landowner, owner of Mierzyn estate and philanthropist (co-founder and Honorary Member of the Charity Society for Christians in Piotrków Trybunalski), died on February 12, 1877 in Piotrków Trybunalski, who allocated all property to a charitable purpose (among others, 55 100 or 58 000 rubles for piotrkowskie TDdCh, 12,000 rubles for Radom Charity Association). Karol Burghard has made available a chapel for the celebration of memorial services, with the reservation that catafalques should not be placed there because of the small area. It was closed only within a few days of the year - on the anniversary of the deaths buried in the crypt of Burghard family members. The walls of the chapel were made of solid ceramic bricks, enriched with pilaster strips and plastered from the inside. The interior is topped with a barrel vault on arches with lunettes. Above the windows is a profiled cornice, and in the lunettes - epitaphs of the Burghard family. In the presbytery there is a neo-Gothic white altar made of white Carrara marble with a figure of Jesus Christ on the cross, sculpted by Bolesław Syrewicz. The entrance to the burial crypt is covered with a metal plate, the bottom of the crypt is a ground surface. The chapel floor was made of marble slabs arranged in a chessboard. The chapel has single stained-glass windows with metal rungs, topped with a sharp arch in the upper part. Above the main entrance (in the eastern elevation) there is an oculus with a tracery, and from the side of the presbytery there is an oculus with a blind tracery. The entrance topped with a sharp arch closes the double-leaf metal door with decoration, embedded in a three-star portal. There are three-leaf crosses above the entrance on the sides. In the middle of the top there is a stone signature crowned with a metal cross, and under it a plaque with the inscription Chapel of St. Adela. On the western wall, below the oculus, a stone plaque was built with the inscription: Chapel of St. Adela with the family grave of Charles Burghard's foundation was consecrated on 7 July 1875 by Ex. Ks. Kulińskiego, bishop of Kielce. The chapel is covered by a three-wing roof with a gable in the front façade, covered during the last renovation (in the middle of the second decade of the 21st century) with zinc-titanium sheet. The total area of the chapel is 81.4 m, building area - 45.4 m, usable area - 41.1 m, cubic capacity - 295 m. In mid-2014, the state of preservation and technical condition of the object were assessed as unobjectionable. In the first years of the chapel's existence there was a reliquary in the shape of a monstrance made of silver, with eight relics brought from Rome. At the turn of August and September 1882, he was stolen by burglars (along with four bronze candlesticks). [source: Wikipedia, 2097216]
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Wikipedia, Adam Trybus, Cichociemni tombs, Old Roman Catholic Cemetery in Piotrków Trybunalski, Self-published work
Wikipedia, Adam Trybus, Cichociemni tombs, Old Roman Catholic Cemetery in Piotrków Trybunalski, Self
Wikipedia, Old Roman Catholic Cemetery in Piotrków Trybunalski, Self-published work, Uploaded via Campaign:wlm-pl
Wikipedia, Old Roman Catholic Cemetery in Piotrków Trybunalski, Self-published work, Uploaded via Ca
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