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cemetery: Pow±zki, Warszawa
photography: Jacek Michiej
Bydgoszcz

Cmentarz ¶w. Jana w Bydgoszczy

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Cemetery of St. Jana in Bydgoszcz - a Catholic cemetery. It is next to the Old-Faire cemetery, the oldest preserved necropolis in Bydgoszcz [source: Wikipedia, 1980778]
confessionThe Catholic church
type of the cemeteryreligious
[source: Wikipedia, 1980778]
Poland
the area where services are available
area where services are not available
Location
The cemetery is located in the Old Fordon housing estate, in the eastern reaches of Bydgoszcz, near the Vistula River. The area of the cemetery adjoins from the east to ul. Cechowa, between ul. Nursing and Crystal. [source: Wikipedia, 1980778]
History
Cemetery of St. Jan until 1990 belonged to the parish of St. Nicholas, who was then the only Catholic parish in Old Fordon. The cemetery was founded after 1780, some distance from the parish church, which was enforced by new regulations of the Prussian authorities. An earlier church cemetery, for the first time in written sources, was recorded in 1555, and it existed until the end of the 18th century, at the church of St. Nicholas, partly within today's market square in Old Fordon Gąsiorowski Bogdan Paweł, Zyglewski Zbigniew: Fordon Cemeteries [in] History of Fordon and the surrounding area. Collective work edited by Zdzisław Biegański. Kujawsko-Pomorskie Cultural Association. Bydgoszcz 1997. . Cemetery at ul. Cechowa was noted for the first time in a parish visit in 1781. It was the second cemetery of the parish of St. Nicholas, founded in accordance with the new custom of creating cemeteries outside the city. In 1781, nobody was buried on it yet. The burials began after the liquidation of the old church cemetery in the first decade of the nineteenth century. Until the end of the 1920s it was the main Catholic cemetery for the residents of Fordon and the surrounding area . Church of St. Jana was erected in the years 1878-1879 for the Forzno Evangelical commune, which also had its own cemetery, located east of the present one. It was devastated after World War II, and only one gravestone has survived to this day (belonging to Paulina Schwarz, née Heise (1853-1932), with a faded inscription) . On 17 September 2017, a lapidarium was unveiled here commemorating the Evangelical necropolis. Some of the deceased from this cemetery were exhumed and buried in the Evangelical-Augsburg cemetery in Bydgoszcz. The record low level of the Vistula during the summer drought of 2015 made it possible to discover more gravestones from this cemetery, which after 1945 served to strengthen the waterfront. The oldest gravestone found in Wisła comes from 1894. From about 1850 to 1950, in the area adjacent to the east to the Evangelical cemetery, there was also a prison cemetery of the Fordon Prison. . In 1990, after the erection of the Catholic parish of Saint. Jana was granted her a cemetery at ul. Guild. In the 1990s, cleaning works were carried out. A lapidarium was created by moving some of the old tombstones from their current location. On this occasion, several historic tombstones from the late nineteenth and early twentieth century were destroyed . In 1991, the cemetery was entered in the register of monuments. [source: Wikipedia, 1980778]
Characteristic
The cemetery has an area of 0.5 ha. In 1996, 1 thousand of them were buried in its area. people Woźniak Zbigniew: Bydgoszcz cemeteries. [w.] Bydgoska Gospodarki Komunalna. Bydgoszcz 1996. . The oldest surviving tombstone in the cemetery is a cast-iron cross from 1839 placed on a sandstone plinth from the grave of Father Ignacy Krieger . The oldest and most interesting tombstones preserved in the cemetery can be found in the lapidarium : * priest Ignacy Krieger (1769-1839) - the priest of Fordine, * Marianna Pankowska (1833-1878) - daughter of a blacksmith, * priest Jan Gramse (1802-1879) - born on in Kościerzyna, coroner of Königsberg (1832-1851), then fordeński (from 1851), * Augustyn Wermuth (1800-1882), born on in Rybnik, he lived in Fordon, his son was priest. Juliusz (1837-1906) administrator of the Forder parish, * Ignacy Kaszewski (1817-1891) - born and residing in Jarurzyn, * Ludwik Karsten (1893-1909), on the pedestal inscriptions: Polish and German, * priest. Franciszek Litewski (1865-1934), born on in Gniew, priest of the prison, * Jan Sobieski (1858-1929) - the Fordan organist, * Kazimierz Grewing (1859-1929), doctor and his wife Antonina from Kuczyński, * Jan Sikorski (1847-1936), cooper, born in Fordon, * Family of Pękalów from Jarużyn (second half of the nineteenth century), * The Slaughter family of Fordon. In addition to the lapidarium, the graves of the following people deserve attention : * priest Robert Reymann (1823-1883) - born on in Kłodzko, the priest of Fordon, * Leonard Karol Reinhard (1871-1923), born on in Vienna, chemist, * ks. Juliusz Schmidt (1837-1929), born on in Kartuzy, vicar in Toruń, then in Tczew, pastor in Bobrów (from 1869), in Fordon (from 1884), dean of Fordon (1896-1912), marked with the Order of the Red Eagle of the 4th Class, * Antoni Zieliński (1839-1935), b. in Ryńsk, a restaurateur at the Fordon railway station. There is also a common grave of the execution victims carried out by the German Selbstschutz on October 2, 1939, in front of the church in the Fordon market. They rest here : * Wacław Wawrzyniak (1894-1939) - a Wielkopolska insurrection, mayor of Fordon from 1921, * Benon Kaszewski - a roadblocker, * Albin Piotrowski (1923-1939) - junior high school student, * Waldemar Podgórski - butcher, * Stefan Zalesiak - a typist in a paper mill in Fordon, * Polikarp Ziółkowski - owner of the Fordon fruit processing plant, * ks. Herbert Raszkowski - curate, * priest Prelate Henryk Szuman from Starogard. [source: Wikipedia, 1980778]
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