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cemetery: Powązki, Warszawa
photography: Jacek Michiej
Ostrusza

Cmentarz wojenny nr 143 Ostrusza

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War Cemetery No. 143 in Ostruszy - cemetery from World War I, located in the village of Ostrusza in the Tarnów district, in the Ciężkowice commune. One of over 400 Western-Galician war cemeteries built by the Cemetery Graves Division of the C. and K. Military Commanders in Krakow. In the 4th district of Łużna, there are 27 cemeteries . [source: Wikipedia, 3475055]
type of the cemeterywar
state of the cemeteryclosed
[source: Wikipedia, 3475055]
Poland
the area where services are available
area where services are not available
Description of the cemetery
The cemetery is located on the road from Ciężkowice through Ostruszy to Turzy . It is a medium-sized cemetery, built on a rectangular plan on a slope descending to the south side. On three sides it is surrounded by a solid stone wall covered with a concrete roof. From the side of the road, the fence is made of stone posts made of stone, between which wooden balustrade fence segments are suspended. Entrance from the road through the steps and through the double-winged gates made of thick wooden beams. They constitute the closure of a stone gate with a stone arch between posts. In front of the gate, in the middle of the cemetery there is a wooden cross set on a pedestal made of stone. Tombs of soldiers placed in six rows parallel to the long side of the cemetery. Steles of two kinds on graves : * on the tombs of soldiers of the Austro-Hungarian and German armies are concrete steles with a shallow recess in which iron inscription plates with soldiers 'names and embossed decorative elements were mounted, * on Russian soldiers' tombs, crosses are placed on a concrete plinth. There are two types: with single crosses, or a triad with three crosses. Rudolf Broch and Hans Hauptmann, the authors of the monumental monograph on the Western Graves cemeteries of World War I, describe this cemetery: favorable location of the roadside cemetery on a significant slope, strengthens its meaning, and gives the thinking artist a ready solution to the task. It is as if the land itself has taken this place of remembrance of well-deserved heroes beyond the mediocrity of everyday life, in order to direct all its gaze and to force on every pedestrian the awareness of its duty of gratitude and honor towards those who saved the homeland . [source: Wikipedia, 3475055]
the fallen
There are a total of 331 soldiers buried in the cemetery in 14 mass graves and 92 individual burials, including : * 226 soldiers of the Russian army * 96 soldiers of the German army * 9 soldiers of the Austro-Hungarian army All these soldiers died on May 2, 1915 during the great offensive of the allied Austro-Hungarian and German armies, known as the Battle of Gorlice. Among the buried are 11 non-commissioned officers, 3 ensigns, 2 officers. Among the fallen are also soldiers of Polish nationality. At this point, the battle took place directly along the Ostruszanka stream. The Russian soldiers twice repulsed the attack before they were eventually defeated . [source: Wikipedia, 3475055]
The fate of the cemetery
After the Second World War, the rank of cemeteries in the society's awareness and the then authorities decreased, they were not cared for and were naturally destroyed by weather and vegetation factors. It was only from the 1990s that more care was started for World War I cemeteries . Cemetery No. 143 was subject to general renovation in 2005, during which the missing iron boards on the steles were completed . Care was taken to preserve the appearance of the cemetery in accordance with documentary plans . [source: Wikipedia, 3475055]
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Wikipedia, Self-published work, World War I Cemetery nr 143 in Ostrusza
Wikipedia, Self-published work, World War I Cemetery nr 143 in Ostrusza
Wikipedia, Self-published work, World War I Cemetery nr 143 in Ostrusza
Wikipedia, Self-published work, World War I Cemetery nr 143 in Ostrusza
Wikipedia, Self-published work, World War I Cemetery nr 143 in Ostrusza
Wikipedia, Self-published work, World War I Cemetery nr 143 in Ostrusza
Wikipedia, Self-published work, World War I Cemetery nr 143 in Ostrusza
Wikipedia, Self-published work, World War I Cemetery nr 143 in Ostrusza
Wikipedia, Self-published work, World War I Cemetery nr 143 in Ostrusza
Wikipedia, Self-published work, World War I Cemetery nr 143 in Ostrusza
Wikipedia, Self-published work, World War I Cemetery nr 143 in Ostrusza
Wikipedia, Self-published work, World War I Cemetery nr 143 in Ostrusza
Wikipedia, Self-published work, World War I Cemetery nr 143 in Ostrusza
Wikipedia, Self-published work, World War I Cemetery nr 143 in Ostrusza
Wikipedia, Self-published work, World War I Cemetery nr 143 in Ostrusza
Wikipedia, Self-published work, World War I Cemetery nr 143 in Ostrusza
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