War Cemetery No. 187 - Lichwin - Austrian cemetery from World War I in Lichwin, Lesser Poland Voivodeship, Tarnow poviat, in the PleĹna commune. One of over 400 Western-Galician war cemeteries built by the Cemetery Graves Division of the C. and K. Military Commanders in Krakow. In the 6 th TarnĂłw district, these cemeteries are 63
. [source: Wikipedia, 2778458]
|type of the cemetery||war|
|state of the cemetery||closed|
|[source: Wikipedia, 2778458]|
It is located on a ridge that differs from the WaĹ (523 m) in the northern direction to Lubinka (421 m). He runs an asphalt road next to him from Lubinki to SiemiechĂłw and two tourist routes: green and yellow
. However, the cemetery is located not on the same road, but in the forest, about 20 m from the road and it is easy to overlook it, because it is obscured by trees (especially during the growing season) [source: Wikipedia, 2778458]
Description of the cemetery
It was designed by Heinrich Scholz on a rectangular plan. The fence is made of stone posts made of stone, between which a wooden sectional fence like a balustrade is suspended. Entry through a wooden two-wing gate set on stone posts, which are topped with sculptures depicting heads in hoplite helmets. The main decorative element is a wooden cross on a stone pedestal in the shape of a pyramid. A path leads to the gate from the gate. On both sides of the tombstones of soldiers arranged in four rows. These are concrete steles topped with cast-iron crosses with a laurel wreath and date 1915. There are two types of these crosses: single-handed Maltese crosses and two-armed Lorraine crosses. Enamel signs with the names of the fallen on stele
[ . [source: Wikipedia, 2778458]]
In 33 mass graves and 30 individual graves, 199 Austro-Hungarian soldiers and 138 Russian soldiers were buried there.
[ . They died mainly on May 2, 1915 during the offensive of the allied Austro-Hungarian and German troops (Bitwa pod Gorlicami). It ended with the victory of the allies who broke the defense of the Russians and driven them far east. 130 were identified, mainly from the Austro-Hungarian army. They served in the following units: * KuKIR 14 - 14 infantry regiment Grand Duke von Hessen, Upper Austria * KuKIR 59 - 59 infantry regiment Archduke Rainer, Salzburg * KuKTKJR 2 - 2 Tyrolean Imperial Rifle Regiment, Innsbruck, Brixen, Trient * KKKSCH.R . 2 - 2nd Imperial Rifle Regiment, Innsbruck, Brixen, Trient * IR 121 - Russian 121 Penzens Infantry Regiment The names of mainly soldiers from the 14th Infantry Regiment and the Second Regiment of Imperial Tyrolean Rifles are known. His resting place is here, among others Austrian graphic artist and painter Franz Hofer ] [ . [source: Wikipedia, 2778458]]
The fate of the cemetery
After the Second World War, cemeteries from the First World War were not cared for and they were subject to natural destruction, and acts of vandalism were also occurring.
[ . This cemetery was thoroughly renovated in the years 1997-1998 thanks to the favor of the authorities of the PleĹna commune, the Austrian Red Cross - the Association for the Care of War Graves (branch Salzburg - Tyrol) and sections of the tradition of Austro-Hungarian regiments involved in the capture of the hill. This is indicated by two plates mounted on the pillars of the entrance gate to the cemetery. One of them is in Polish, the other one is German (it was broken, probably thrown stone). In 2014, the cemetery is in good condition, there are only four cast-iron crosses on the tombstones ] [ . Original plans were used in the reconstruction of the cemetery. Thanks to this, for example, wooden hurdles have the original form of balustrades, while on other renovated cemeteries they were replaced with wooden railings [source: Wikipedia, 2778458]]