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cemetery: Powązki, Warszawa
photography: Jacek Michiej
Łąkta Górna

Cmentarz wojenny nr 304 Łąkta Górna

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War Cemetery No. 304 - Łąkta Górna - a cemetery from World War I in the village of Łąkta Górna in the Lesser Poland Voivodeship, in the Bochnia poviat, in the commune of Żegocina. It is one of 400 Western-Galician war cemeteries built by the Cemetery Graves Division of the C. and K. Military Commanders in Krakow. Of this number, there are 46 cemeteries in the Bochnia district. [source: Wikipedia, 2160076]
type of the cemeterywar
state of the cemeteryclosed
[source: Wikipedia, 2160076]
Poland
the area where services are available
area where services are not available
Position
It is located approx. 100 m east of the 965 road, on its section between Muchówka and Łąkta Górna. The place where the side dirt road leading to the cemetery leaves is indicated by the original concrete plaque on the concrete pillar. The cemetery is located on the edge of the forest, at 360 m above sea level, just below the top of the hill, 364 m. [source: Wikipedia, 2160076]
History
The soldiers of the Russian, Austro-Hungarian and German armies who were killed in the surrounding fields on December 6-8, December 1914 during the Limanowa-Pawanski operation were buried here together in one cemetery. Soldiers of the Russian army Gen. Radko Dimitrijew were strengthened on the hills of Muchówka - Rajbrot, allied Austrian-German armies for several days attacked from the Sanecki Stream Valley. Eventually, the Russians were driven back east. According to the opinion of military strategists, this was the result of the Austrian troops' success in another section of the front (north of Nowy Sącz). It threatened to cut off the Russian army from supply and encirclement, so the Russians were forced to retreat. In the fighting during the Limanowsko-Pawanski operation, both sides suffered large losses and there are many war cemeteries around. All of them were made by the Austrians during the war, as soon as they drove the Russians further east. The designers' idea was that people visiting these cemeteries could see the battlefield and visualize the harshness and drama of the battle. Cemetery No. 304 was arranged in accordance with these assumptions - directly on the battlefield. All armies fighting here were multinational. The cemetery was buried: * 25 soldiers of the Austrian army * 76 soldiers of the German army from the 20 Prussian infantry regiment, 217, 219 and 220 Prussian reserve infantry regiment, 19 Prussian reserve battalion of riflemen, 47 Prussian reserve field artillery regiment * 60 soldiers of the Russian army [source: Wikipedia, 2160076]
Description of the cemetery
It is a small cemetery (185 m) on a rectangular plan. The fence is made of low stone and massive stone posts covered with concrete, covered with concrete roofs. There is a low but massive wooden fence between the posts. Entry through a stone made of hewn stone, a high gate covered with a wooden pergola. One of the corners of the fence is reinforced with a stone wall, in the corner of which stands a lantern-shaped column with a figurine covered with a roof topped with a stone cross. In the recess of the chapel, the image of Christ in the crown of thorns was placed. There are 14 collective and 4 single graves on the cemetery. Concrete steles with cast-iron sign boards or various types of cast-iron crosses on concrete plinths have been placed on the graves. On the cast-iron boards is the Maltese cross with a bunch of bay leaves and embossed names of buried soldiers. Crosses are of two kinds; large openwork and smaller, made of flat iron rods. On the common grave of Russian soldiers, it is the Lorraine cross, Latin crosses on the graves of German and Austrian soldiers. [source: Wikipedia, 2160076]
The fate of the cemetery
In the interwar period, the cemetery was still in good condition as new. After World War II, the importance of the cemetery in the awareness of the society and the then authorities decreased, because new, more recent cemeteries and dramatic stories of the new war came. The cemetery was naturally destroyed by weather and vegetation factors, and there were vandalisms. It was only from the 1990s that more care was started for World War I cemeteries. In 1994, the cemetery was incorporated into the list of immovable monuments. In 2001, the Ĺťegocina commune completed a major refurbishment of the cemetery and a small modification (the former fence of cast iron pipes was replaced with a wooden fence). Grass in the cemetery is cut and the cemetery is kept up to date, also by schoolchildren. On the Day of the Dead school youth lights candles at the cemetery, and every year in October organizes rallies along cemeteries. In the municipality of Ĺťegocina this action was initiated by Tadeusz Olszewski, a middle school teacher. [source: Wikipedia, 2160076]
The service operator is
Erkwadrat sp. z o.o.
ul. Letnia 16
05-510 Chyliczki
123-139-4399
+48 (22) 350 75 61
kontakt@pamietam.pl
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