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cemetery: Pow±zki, Warszawa
photography: Jacek Michiej
Ołpiny

Cmentarz wojenny nr 34 Ołpiny

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War Cemetery No. 34 - Ołpiny - an Austrian cemetery from World War I, located in Ołpiny in the Lesser Poland Voivodeship, in the Tarnów County, in the Szerzyny commune. One of over 400 Western-Galician war cemeteries built by the Cemetery Graves Division of the C. and K. Military Commanders in Krakow. It is one of the 31 cemeteries of the 2nd District of Jasło . [source: Wikipedia, 2398550]
type of the cemeterywar
state of the cemeteryclosed
[source: Wikipedia, 2398550]
Poland
the area where services are available
area where services are not available
Position
Access to the cemetery is indicated by a characteristic concrete plaque on a concrete pillar. The cemetery is located on a hill on the southern slopes of the Olszynka valley, about 1.2 km from the main road running through OĹ‚piny. A road leads to it, initially asphalt, then pebble. The cemetery is located among cultivated fields. In the northern direction, there is a wide panorama view of the Brzanka range and the Olszynka valley. Towards the south, at a distance of about 600 m, there was another cemetery, also from the First World War (military cemetery No. 35 - OĹ‚piny), but it was destroyed . [source: Wikipedia, 2398550]
Description of the cemetery
It was designed by Johann Jäger on a circular plan with four bastion, symmetrically arranged insets. It is surrounded by a solid stone wall covered with a concrete roof. Entrance from the north by a gate placed on stone pylons in the form of a forged two-wing gate. Solar symbols made from flat bars. On the cemetery square, the central monument, radial tombstones around it. There are various types of crosses with nameplates on the concrete pedestals. There are two groups of crosses: one-armed Latin crosses and two-armed Lorraine crosses, in each of these groups there are still different varieties of crosses (with frames at the base or without frames, and with arms in various ways terminated) . Most of the crosses are made of metal flat bars, but there are also a few larger crosses with an openwork structure (also one and two-armed). There are also steles with the names of the fallen. [source: Wikipedia, 2398550]
the fallen
577 soldiers were buried in the cemetery in 127 individual graves and 36 mass graves, including 127 soldiers of the Austro-Hungarian army, 84 German and 366 Russian. 111 soldiers were identified. The fallen from the Austrian army came, among others with * 33 Regiment of Infantry of the Landwehr (German: 33. Landwehrinfanterieregiment Stryj or 33 Landwehr Infanterie-Regimenter Stryj) with a circle of supplements - Stryj, Sambor. * 18th Regiment of Infantry of the Landwehr (German: 18th Landwehrinfanterieregiment Przemysl or 18 Landwehr Infanterie-Regimenter Przemysl), district of supplements - Przemyśl and Sanok. * kuk Böhmisches Feldjägerbataillon Nr. 12 (Imperial and royal field shooters), Jungbunzlau district (currently Mladá Boleslav) German soldiers came mainly from : * 1 Grenadier Regiment of the Guards them. Emperor Alexander (German: Kaiser Alexander Garde-Grenadier-Regiment No. 1) * 2nd Grenadier Regiment to them. King Frederick Wilhelm IV (1st Pomeranian) - (German: Königlich Preußisches Grenadier-Regiment König Friedrich Wilhelm IV. (1st Pommersches) No. 2) - with garrison in Szczecin [source: Wikipedia, 2398550]
The fate of the cemetery
The Austrians started the construction of the cemetery soon after the victorious battle for Gorlice, as a result of which the Russian army was forced to retreat far east . While still being built, they planted trees on it. Until the end of World War I, however, they did not manage to complete the construction. On the back wall, opposite to the entrance to the cemetery, they left the stones collected. The preserved documentation shows that they were intended for the construction of a central monument Based on the information board mounted at the cemetery gate . A plaque with an inscription in German, which translated into Polish, was to be embedded on it : Comrades defend from the south and north, Bring the enemy to the ground. They went to the eternal homeland, leaving the holy words in the heritage: Die and be! The central monument was built in 2014, as part of a major renovation of the cemetery made of the Polish state budget . However, no board was mounted on it. [source: Wikipedia, 2398550]
gallery
File: War Cemetery No. 34 OĹ‚piny 2PC11.jpg [source: Wikipedia, 2398550]
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