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cemetery: Powązki, Warszawa
photography: Jacek Michiej
Wola Nieszkowska

Cmentarz wojenny nr 341 Wola Nieszkowska-Wichras

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War Cemetery No. 341 - Wola Nieszkowska-Wichras - cemetery from World War I, located in the village of Wola Nieszkowska in the Lesser Poland Voivodeship, in the Bochnia poviat, in the Bochnia commune. It is one of 400 Western-Galician war cemeteries built by the Cemetery Graves Division of the C. and K. Military Commanders in Krakow. Of this number, there are 46 cemeteries in the Bochnia district. [source: Wikipedia, 2171519]
type of the cemeterywar
state of the cemeteryclosed
[source: Wikipedia, 2171519]
Poland
the area where services are available
area where services are not available
Position
It is located in the forest on the north-eastern slope of the Wichras hill (also WichraĹź) in the southern part of the village of Wola Nieszkowska. A forest road from Wola Nieszkowska or Leszczyna leads impassable to passenger cars. On some maps there is a wrong sign and this cemetery is described as cemetery No. 340. [source: Wikipedia, 2171519]
History
The soldiers of the Russian and Austro-Hungarian armies who died in the surrounding fields at the beginning of December 1914 during the Limanowa-Pawanski operation were buried here together in one cemetery. On December 7, the Russians occupied the hills west of Stradomka in Sobolów, Gierczyce and Nieprześnia . Attacking from the side of Łapanowo and the Stradomka valley, the Austrian army captured it for several days. After a few days of extremely fierce battles, the Austrians won Russian positions on the hills in Buczyn, Grabina, Stradomka, Sobolów, Chrostowa, Kamyk, Wola Nieszkowska and Nieprześnia, displacing them from these towns . On December 13, the Russians began a retreat further east. 178 Austrian soldiers and 146 Russian soldiers (174 soldiers known by their names) were buried there. They fell on 7-19 November 1914. [source: Wikipedia, 2171519]
Description of the cemetery
It is a cemetery built on a rectangular plan, to which a second, adjacent, much smaller rectangle was added. The cemetery fence is partly made of a stone wall, partly of iron railings. The wall consists of masonry made of stone, quite tall, massive pillars, between which there is a low wall with the same stones. Two thick iron pipes are mounted above the wall. The wall and pillars are covered with a concrete window sill. Entrance to the cemetery leads through a brick gate. The pillars arranged in rows, and on them on concrete pedestals, 4 types of crosses were mounted: * large, cast-iron and openwork (Latin and Lorraine) * smaller, made of flat iron rods (also Latin and Lorraine). [source: Wikipedia, 2171519]
The fate of the cemetery
The first burials were made by local residents. Soldiers, however, were buried in shallow and random places. This made it difficult to cultivate the land, and in the spring there was also the possibility of an epidemic . In 1915, the Austrians began to build cemeteries. They made them very solidly, because they assumed they would be a place of pilgrimage and patriotic celebrations. During the exhumation and construction of cemeteries, prisoners of war were used . During the interwar period, the cemetery was appreciated and was cultivated by the local community. After World War II, the importance of the cemetery in the awareness of society and the authorities at that time decreased. The cemetery was naturally destroyed, it was also devastated by vandals. In the 1980s, it was renovated, but again it was partly (probably by vandals) destroyed. The present appearance of the cemetery is also different from the original. The original wooden cross on a stone pedestal has been destroyed over time and now it is missing. There are also missing gates at the entrance gate. [source: Wikipedia, 2171519]
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Wikipedia, Cultural heritage monuments in Poland with known IDs, Self-published work, World War I Cemetery nr 340 in Wola Nieszkowska
Wikipedia, Cultural heritage monuments in Poland with known IDs, Self-published work, World War I Ce
Wikipedia, Self-published work, World War I Cemetery nr 340 in Wola Nieszkowska
Wikipedia, Self-published work, World War I Cemetery nr 340 in Wola Nieszkowska
Wikipedia, Self-published work, World War I Cemetery nr 340 in Wola Nieszkowska
Wikipedia, Self-published work, World War I Cemetery nr 340 in Wola Nieszkowska
Wikipedia, Self-published work, World War I Cemetery nr 340 in Wola Nieszkowska
Wikipedia, Self-published work, World War I Cemetery nr 340 in Wola Nieszkowska
Wikipedia, Self-published work, World War I Cemetery nr 340 in Wola Nieszkowska
Wikipedia, Self-published work, World War I Cemetery nr 340 in Wola Nieszkowska
Wikipedia, Self-published work, World War I Cemetery nr 340 in Wola Nieszkowska
Wikipedia, Self-published work, World War I Cemetery nr 340 in Wola Nieszkowska
Wikipedia, Self-published work, World War I Cemetery nr 340 in Wola Nieszkowska
Wikipedia, Self-published work, World War I Cemetery nr 340 in Wola Nieszkowska
Wikipedia, Images from Wiki Loves Monuments 2012, Images from Wiki Loves Monuments 2012 in Poland, Self-published work, World War I Cemetery nr 340 in Wola Nieszkowska
Wikipedia, Images from Wiki Loves Monuments 2012, Images from Wiki Loves Monuments 2012 in Poland, S
Wikipedia, Images from Wiki Loves Monuments 2012, Images from Wiki Loves Monuments 2012 in Poland, Self-published work, World War I Cemetery nr 340 in Wola Nieszkowska
Wikipedia, Images from Wiki Loves Monuments 2012, Images from Wiki Loves Monuments 2012 in Poland, S
Wikipedia, Images from Wiki Loves Monuments 2012, Images from Wiki Loves Monuments 2012 in Poland, Self-published work, Taken with Olympus FE-4020 / X-940, World War I Cemetery nr 340 in Wola Nieszkowska
Wikipedia, Images from Wiki Loves Monuments 2012, Images from Wiki Loves Monuments 2012 in Poland, S
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