Maria Helena KaczyĆska nĂ©e Mackiewicz (born on August 21, 1942
[ Some Russian sources gave the date 1942, see [http://lifenews.ru/news/20291-154] on the lifenews.ru website. On the memorial plaque unveiled on August 15, 2010, the date of 1942 is in the Field Cathedral of the Polish Army in Warsaw, cf. http://wiadomosci.wp.pl/gid,12571068,title,Tablica-z-ziemia-smolenska,gpage,5,gg,12571091,galeria.html Plaque with the land of Smolensk] ] in MachĂłw, in the former commune of Kobylnik, near Naroczy, d. 10 April 2010 in Smolensk) - Polish economist. First Lady of the Republic of Poland in 2005-2010, a spouse of the President of the Republic of Poland, Lech KaczyĆski.
Daughter of Lidia nee Piszczako (1916 - 18 May 2004) and CzesĆaw Mackiewicz (1910 - 16 February 1976)
[ Surnames by article [http://www.dziennik.krakow.pl/en/region/nowy-targ/1011342-rabczanskie-dziecinstwo-i-mlodosc-pierwszej-damy-to-szkola-narty-i-fortepian.html RabczaĆskie childhood and youth of the First Lady are: school, skiing and piano] ] . After the Second World War her family was forcibly evicted from the Vilnius region. CzesĆaw Mackiewicz wore the pseudonym SzczygieĆ, he was active in the Wilki Military Organization, he fought in the Wilno District of the Home Army, IV Partisan Home Army Brigade. One of his brothers fought in the ranks of the II Corps of Gen. WĆadysĆaw Anders at Monte Cassino, while the second, Witold (1913-1940) was a victim of the Katyn massacre murdered in Kharkiv (together with him was murdered the husband of the mother's sister Maria KaczyĆska, second lieutenant). Jan Mackiewicz, another brother, MieczysĆaw was also arrested, but then released from the camp in OstaszkĂłw due to the insufficient military rank). In 1945, the Mackiewicz family moved from the Vilnius region to the Recovered Territories and settled in CzĆuchĂłw. In 1949, CzesĆaw Mackiewicz was sentenced to five years in prison for his activity in the Home Army (the penalty was canceled as a result of an amnesty), then he lost employment in the Forestry Inspectorate and the family moved to nearby ZĆotowa, where they lived until 1951 (at that time Lidia Mackiewicz worked as a teacher). Brother Maria KaczyĆska, Col. dr inĆŒ. Konrad Mackiewicz was an employee of the Air Force Institute of Technology. Maria KaczyĆska's father, CzesĆaw, died as a result of injuries sustained in a traffic accident. ; Genealogy
Youth and education
Maria KaczyĆska was born with a heart defect, moreover, she often suffered from pneumonia, and in 1951 her parents decided to go to the sanatorium in Rabka (first mother went with Maria and Konrad, and in 1953 her father joined them and they lived there on constantly). In 1955 she underwent heart surgery, which was carried out by prof. Leon Manteuffel-Szoege
. There she graduated from elementary school and in the years 1957-1961 she attended the First High School. Eugeniusz Romer in Rabka, where in 1961 she obtained her high school diploma. She took piano lessons for many years. In the years 1961-1966 she studied foreign trade (specialty: maritime transport) at the University of Economics in Sopot. She obtained a master's degree in economics. She knew English and French, she also communicated in Spanish and Russian.
Private and professional life
After finishing her studies, she started working at the Maritime Institute in GdaĆsk in the business research laboratory, where she conducted research into the prospects for the development of freight markets in the Far East. She met her future husband in 1976, when she worked at the Maritime Institute and he studied. Two years later they got married. The Department of the Second Security Service in GdaĆsk registered Maria Mackiewicz as an operational contact (reg. No. 22626) from February 26, 1977 to July 11, 1978. Maria KaczyĆska did not return to her work after her maternity leave, and earned as a tutor and translator. Maria and Lech KaczyĆski had a daughter Marta (born in 1980), a law graduate at the University of GdaĆsk, and two granddaughters, Ewa and Martyna (their father is Marta's former husband, Marcin Dubieniecki).
Death, funeral ceremonies and funerals
Maria KaczyĆska died on 10 April 2010 as a result of the military disaster of Tu-154M aircraft No. 101 in Smolensk on the way to the celebration of the 70th anniversary of the Katyn massacre. On this day, about 8:40 Polish time, the plane in which, together with her husband Lech and a delegation, went to the anniversary celebrations in Katyn, it crashed near the Smolensk-Severstal airfield in Smolensk. As a result of this catastrophe, all persons on board the aircraft died. Her body was identified by her brother, Konrad Mackiewicz
. On April 13, 2010, the coffin with the body of Maria KaczyĆska was transported by a military plane from Moscow to Warsaw and put up for public view together with the coffin of her husband in the Column Hall of the Presidential Palace in Warsaw. According to the estimates of the Chancellery of the President, on April 13-17, the presidential couple could pay homage to about 180,000. people. April 18, 2010 Maria KaczyĆska was buried with her husband in the Archcathedral Basilica of St. StanisĆawa and Ćw. WacĆaw in Krakow in the crypt under the Tower of Silver Bells on the Wawel Hill. In 2010, in the headquarters of the 92nd Powazki Cemetery in Warsaw, the symbolic grave of Lech and Maria KaczyĆski was created. The remains of the presidential couple were exhumed on November 15, 2016 within the framework of the exhumation of the victims of the Smolensk disaster planned by the General Prosecutor's Office, and then examined in the Department of Forensic Medicine, Collegium Medicum of the Jagiellonian University. The reburial in the same place took place three days later with the participation of President Andrzej Duda and Prime Minister Beata SzydĆo. The coffins of the presidential couple have been placed in a new sarcophagus made of Carrara marble.
* In 2010, the memory of Maria KaczyĆska was devoted to the book of the first lady of Georgia Sandra Roelofs The history of an idealist (Tbilisi 2010). In 2011, Sandra Roelofs set up a scholarship for them. Maria KaczyĆska in the field of classical music and medicine. * The name of Lech and Maria KaczyĆski was given to the Black Sea street in the Isani district in the Georgian capital Tbilisi (13 April 2010) and the street in Batumi (25 May 2010). * The name of Maria and Lech KaczyĆski was decided to name the hospital in Essassa in the Libreville region of Gabon (April 2010). * On April 16, 2010, the City Council of Sopot named Lech and Maria KaczyĆski, the former South Park, located in the city. * April 28, 2010 named Lech and Maria KaczyĆski named the park below the walking terrace of Kamienna GĂłra in Gdynia * Images of Lech and Maria Kaczynski were placed on postage stamps issued by mail from several African countries: Mozambique, Togo, Guinea-Bissau, Liberia and SĂŁo TomĂ© and PrĂncipe as well as the Caribbean Saint Vincent and the Grenadines. * On April 4, 2011, the National Bank of Poland introduced to circulation a coin with a face value of PLN 100 with the image of Lech KaczyĆski and Maria KaczyĆska (gold of 900/1000, weight 8 g, diameter 21 mm, circulation of 5000 copies). * On May 20, 2010, Maria KaczyĆska was named the Anticancer Prevention Center in the Varketili district of Tbilisi, Georgia. * On December 15, 2011, the primary school in Podsarnie in the Lesser Poland Voivodeship was named after the patrons Lech and Maria KaczyĆski. * On June 18, 2013 in Radom, a monument of the presidential couple Lech and Maria KaczyĆski was unveiled. * in 2013, the name of Maria and Lech KaczyĆski was given to the boulevard in WrocĆaw. * On April 8, 2015, the premiere of the documentary titled A lady commemorating Maria KaczyĆska, by Maria DĆuĆŒewska. * On April 9, 2017 in Elmwood Park, the street name of the presidential pair Lech and Maria KaczyĆski was given to the street.